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Sphyrna tiburo

NAME : Bonnethead Shark

NAME OF THE SPECIE: Bonnethead Shark

LOCATION : This species occurs off the American continents only. In the western Atlantic Ocean it has been reported from southern Brazil to North Carolina, USA, and occasionally as far north as Rhode Island. It is also common in the Gulf of Mexico and much of the Caribbean. In the eastern Pacific Ocean it is reported from southern California to Ecuador.

HABITAT: The Bonnethead Shark is an abundant, small coastal shark commonly found in shallow estuaries and bays over seagrass, mud and sandy bottoms at depths ranging from 10-80 m.

HABITAT (15-20 words): Inhabit shallow estuaries and bays over seagrass, mud and Sandy bottoms.

WEIGHT: upto 150 cm upto 10.8 KG

DIET: Not Details

FOOD: Bonnethead sharks feed primarily on crustaceans, but they also eat clams, octopuses and small fish.

FOOD & DIET: Feed primarily on crustaceans but also eat clams, octopuses and small fish.

FACT: The bonnethead is one of the smallest members of the hammerhead genus. They are viviparous in nature.

Epinephelus lanceolatus

NAME : Grouper

NAME OF THE SPECIE: Grouper

LOCATION : It occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific region from the Red Sea to Algoa Bay and eastward to the Hawaiian and Pitcairn Islands throughout Micronesia. In the western Pacific, it ranges northwards to southern Japan and southwards to Australia.

HABITAT: It occurs all along tropical and temperate coasts, rarely straying into cool temperate waters. E. lanceolatus is the largest of all coral reef dwelling bony fishes. It tends to be solitary and inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs at a depth of a few to at least 50m.

HABITAT (15-20 words): Inhabit tropical and temperate coasts, rarely straying into cool waters.

WEIGHT: upto 270 cm upto 400 KG

DIET: Not Details

FOOD: Giant groupers feed on a variety of marine life, including small sharks and juvenile sea turtles.

FOOD & DIET: Feed on a variety of marine life including small sharks and juvenile sea turtles.

FACT: This giant fish is similar to the Malabar grouper, and its colour changes with age.

Chiloscyllium punctatum

NAME : Brownbanded Bamboo Shark

NAME OF THE SPECIE: Brownbanded Bamboo Shark

LOCATION : It is widely distributed within the Indo-West Pacific in tropical and warm-temperate waters occurring in a variety of habitats throughout its range. It is known from India, Southeast Asia, Japan, southern New Guinea and northern Australia.

HABITAT: The Grey Carpetshark is found in a variety of habitats including nearshore intertidal and subtidal habitats, over sandy and muddy substrates, seagrass beds and rocky and coral reef habitat to depths of 85 m.

HABITAT (15-20 words): Inhabit nearshore intertidal and subtidal habitats over Sandy and muddy substrates, seagrass beds and Rocky and coral reef habitats.

WEIGHT: upto 132 cm upto 2 kg.

DIET: Not Details

FOOD: Feeds on bottom Invertebrates and small fishes

FOOD & DIET: Feed on bottom invertebrates and small fishes.

FACT: Can survive up to 12 hours out of water

Lutjanus sebae

NAME : Emperor Red Snapper

NAME OF THE SPECIE: Emperor Red Snapper

LOCATION : Lutjanus sebae is found in the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean from Australia and New Caledonia to southern Japan and westward to East Africa and the southern Red Sea.

HABITAT: This reef-associated species occurs in the vicinity of coral or rocky reefs (Anderson 1986), often over adjacent sand flats and gravel patches.

HABITAT (15-20 words): Inhabit areas in the vicinity of coral or Rocky reefs over adjacent sand flats and gravel patches.

WEIGHT: upto 116 cm upto 5kg

DIET: Not Details

FOOD: Carnivore - feeds on fishes, crustaceans such as crabs, stomatopods and shrimps, and cephalopod molluscs.

FOOD & DIET: Feed on fishes, crustaceans such as crabs, stomatopods and shrimps, and cephalopods molluscs.

FACT: Juveniles often shelter amongst sea urchin spines until large enough to venture out to feed out in the open. They move to deeper water as they grow larger.

Sphyrna tiburo

વૈજ્ઞાનિક નામ : Sphyrna tiburo

જાતિનું નામ: Bonnethead Shark

સ્થાન: વિગતો નથી

લંબાઈ અને વજન: વિગતો નથી

ખોરાક (વૈકલ્પિક) આહાર : મુખ્યત્વે ક્રસ્ટેશિયન્સ ખાય છે, પરંતુ ક્લેમ,ઓક્ટોપસ અને નાની માછલીઓ પણ ખાય છે.

વિશેષતા: બોનેટ હેડ શાર્ક તે હેમર હેડ પ્રજાતિમાંની નાની માછલી છે. તે સ્વભાવે વિવિપેરસ (વિકસિત બચ્ચાને જન્મ આપનારી) હોય છે.

Epinephelus lanceolatus

વૈજ્ઞાનિક નામ : Epinephelus lanceolatus

જાતિનું નામ: Grouper

સ્થાન: વિગતો નથી

લંબાઈ અને વજન: વિગતો નથી

ખોરાક (વૈકલ્પિક) આહાર : વિવિધ પ્રકારના દરિયાઈ જીવો જેમ કે નાની શાર્ક માછલીઓ અને તરુણ દરિયાઈ કાચબાને ખાય છે.

વિશેષતા: આ વિશાળકાય માછલી, માલાબાર ગ્રુપર જેવી હોય છે. અને તેનો રંગ ઉંમર સાથે બદલાય છે.

Chiloscyllium punctatum

વૈજ્ઞાનિક નામ : Chiloscyllium punctatum

જાતિનું નામ: Brownbanded Bamboo Shark

સ્થાન: વિગતો નથી

લંબાઈ અને વજન: વિગતો નથી

ખોરાક (વૈકલ્પિક) આહાર : તળિયાના કરોડરજ્જુ વિનાના પ્રાણીઓ અને નાની માછલીઓ ખાય છે.

વિશેષતા: બ્રાઉનબેન્ડેડ બામ્બુ શાર્ક ૧૨ કલાક સુધી પાણીની બહાર જીવી શકે છે.

Lutjanus sebae

વૈજ્ઞાનિક નામ : Lutjanus sebae

જાતિનું નામ: Emperor Red Snapper

સ્થાન: વિગતો નથી

લંબાઈ અને વજન: વિગતો નથી

ખોરાક (વૈકલ્પિક) આહાર : વિગતો નથી

વિશેષતા: વિગતો નથી

Sphyrna tiburo

वैज्ञानिक नाम : Sphyrna tiburo

जाति का नाम : Bonnethead Shark

जगह: कोई विवरण नहीं

लंबाई और वजन: कोई विवरण नहीं

खाना: कोई विवरण नहीं

भोजन (वैकल्पिक) आहार: प्राथमिक रूप से परुषकवची खाती है, लेकिन बड़ी सीपियाँ, ऑक्टोपस और छोटी मछलियाँ भी खा लेती है।

विशेषता: बोनेटहेड शार्क वस्तुतः हैमरहेड प्रजाति की मछलियों में से अपेक्षाकृत छोटी प्रजाति है। स्वभाव से यह विकसीत बच्चें को जन्म देती है।

Epinephelus lanceolatus

वैज्ञानिक नाम : Epinephelus lanceolatus

जाति का नाम : Grouper

जगह: कोई विवरण नहीं

लंबाई और वजन: कोई विवरण नहीं

खाना: कोई विवरण नहीं

भोजन (वैकल्पिक) आहार: बहुत तरह के समुद्री जीवों को यह अपना आहार बना लेती है। जिनमें छोटी शार्क से लेकर अवयस्क कछुए तक शामिल होते हैं।

विशेषता: यह भीमकाय मछली, मालाबार ग्रुपर जैसी होती है और उम्र के साथ इसका रंग बदल जाता है।

Chiloscyllium punctatum

वैज्ञानिक नाम : Chiloscyllium punctatum

जाति का नाम : Brownbanded Bamboo Shark

जगह: कोई विवरण नहीं

लंबाई और वजन: कोई विवरण नहीं

खाना: कोई विवरण नहीं

भोजन (वैकल्पिक) आहार: तले में रहने वाले अकशेरुकी प्राणियों एवं छोटी मछलियों को अपना आहार बनाती हैं।

विशेषता: ब्राउनबैंडेड बैंबू शार्क पानी के बाहर भी १२ घंटे तक जिंदा रह सकती है।

Lutjanus sebae

वैज्ञानिक नाम : Lutjanus sebae

जाति का नाम : Emperor Red Snapper

जगह: कोई विवरण नहीं

लंबाई और वजन: कोई विवरण नहीं

खाना: कोई विवरण नहीं

भोजन (वैकल्पिक) आहार: कोई विवरण नहीं

विशेषता: कोई विवरण नहीं