SPECIE NAME:Synanceia verrucosa
COMMON NAME OF THE SPECIE:
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (Shallow water) and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Queensland, Australia.
They usually live on rubble or coral bottoms, often under rocks or ledges, but are also known to be able to bury in sand using their large pectoral fins.
size: 25-40 cm
weight: 2.4 kg
The Reef Stonefish eats small fishes, shrimp and other crustacea. It usually waits for prey to swim past, and then strikes with incredible speed. High speed camera equipment is required to record the feeding of this species.
The Reef Stonefish is the most venomous fish in the world. It has thirteen stout spines in the dorsal fin which can inject a highly toxic venom (fatal protein is the verrucotoxin protein). The venom causes intense pain and is believed to have killed many Pacific and Indian Ocean islanders._x000B_The species is extremely well camouflaged and will not swim away when disturbed, but rather erects its poisonous dorsal fin spines.